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贝宝新注册送38元体验金【10018gd.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。阜阳雀兑网络科技(原鞍山严繁经贸有限公司)成立于1992年,占地面积13371平方米,大发集团幸运5张其中生产厂房占地5220平方米,仓库面积占地4124平方米。固定资产8412万元,流动资产8701万元,干部职工共535人,工程技术人员70人。贝宝新注册送38元体验金ByLaiYouweiShiGuan,ResearchTeamon"Characteristics,ProblemsandCountermeasuresforE-CommerceServicesDevelopmentinChina",,2014(Total4630)inaInrecentyears,therapidpopularizat,consumerscanspendtheirfragmentedtimebrowsingwebpagesandconsuminganywhereandatanytime,,usersacrosstheworldstarttospendmoretimesurfingtheInternetwi,onlineretailerskeepempoweringmobilechannels,suchaslaunchingmobilewebpagesandapplications,toenrichusers,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnology(MIIT)issuedthe12thFive-YearDevelopmentPlanonE-commerce,topromotethedevelopmentofM-commerce,tryandreg,,bytheendofJune2014,Chinahad632millionnetizens,including527millionmobilenetizens,%.CellphoneusagesurpassedtraditionalPCusageforthefirsttime,,bytheendofJuly2014,thenumberofmobileInternetusersinChinahadreached872milliona%.FromJanuarytoJuly2014,,growingbyover50%,upby48%.InDecember2013,MIITgrantedthe4GTD-LTElicensestoChinaUnicom,,,%,%,mainlycellphonenetizens,nforM-commercedevelopmentandmobileshoppinghasgraduallybecomeoneofthefirstchoicesfornetizens,thenumberofpurchaserswithcellphonesreached205million,ayear-on-yearincreaseof42%,%.Theshareofarket,inthefirsthalfof2014,China,upby378%,2013,,,%,traditionale-commerceplatforobileAPPterminals1,,inthesecondquarterof2014,thetransactionsizeofChina,%(forcellphone)%%and2%respectively,%.,location-basedservicesareactivatedwithmobileInternet,whichrealizestheseamlessintegrationofofflinestoresandonlinewebstoresandgivesbirthtotheO2Omode(OnlinetoOffline,anintegrationofonlinestoresandofflineconsumption).AllthephysicalstoresandenterprisescanpublishtheirownappsatmobileInternetandmainlyprovidesuchfunctionsasproductdisplayandexperiencetoaddressthelast-mileproblemswithclientservice,,Internetchannelsarenotseparatedfromofflineones,buta“closedloop,”e-commerceplatformscantrackdealsmadebyusersandtheir,informationonsupplyanddemandinmanyfieldsishighlydisper,asmobilepaymentispopularized,efinancialservicessuchasonlinefunds,fe-commerceextendingfromcableInternettomobileInternet,butgreatlyenrichesthee-comm,itpromotesthetransformationandupgradingofrelatedindustriesandisanimportantchan,M-commerceinvolvesnotonlymanufacturersofmobileterminals,butalsoproduction-basedserviceproviderssuchastelecomoperators,financialandpaymentserviceproviders,mobilecommerceplatforms,,WeChatandotherfreemobileapplicationsfurtherreplacethemessage-basedbusinessessuchasvoicemessagesandSMS,whichhasahugeimpactondomestictelecomo,incomefr%onayearlybasis,amongwhic%%,%onayearlybasis,%.MonthlyaverageSMSsentbymobilesu%.Whilevoicebusinesswasplunging,d,,%onayearlybasis,%totheincomegrowthoftelecombusiness.ByFengFei,ShiYaodong,DengYusong,WangXiaoming,WangJinzhaoSongZifeng,ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyInstituteofMarketEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo122,2013(Total4371)Thedeep-seatedproblemsconfrontingChinaspricereformhaveremainedformanyyears,andthedistortedfactorpriceshaveledtoirrationalresourceallocation,,distortedpricerelations,andincompletepricestructureandpricesupervisionmechanism,theState,inaperiodtocome,shouldclarifythereformmasterplanof"upholdingonedirectionandimprovingtwomechanisms",whichmeanstomaintainthedirectionofreformformarketeconomyandletthesupply-demandrelationshipplayabasicandleadingroleindecidingthemarketprice;andimprovethepricingmechanismsothatthepricesignalscantrulyreflecttheresourcescarcity,supply-demandrelationshipandcostofenvironmentdamageandimprovethepricesupervisionmechanismtoputthegovernment-pricedmonopolylinksundereffectivesupervision,strengthentheindependenceandcapacityofthesupervisioninssPriceReformThenumberofproductsandserviceswhosepricesareunderthedirectinterventionofthegovernmenthassignificantlydropped,instead,thecontroloverthep,themarket-basedpricingmechanismsforproductsandfactorsvitaltothenationaleconomyandpeople,butingeneral,icesleadtoirrationalresourceallocation,enceofthepricereformistoreformtheirrationalpricingmechanismandenablethesupply-demandrelationshiptodeterminethemarketprice,therareas(thepriceadjustment,tobemorespecific)shouldbeessentiallyattributedtoimproperguidelinestoreplacereformwithadjustment,namely,toeaselong-standingcontradictionbetweensupplyanddemandandbetweentheupstreamandthedownstreamenterprisesthroughshort-termregulatedpriceandadjustedprice;forexample,thereformofpricesofcoalforpowergeneration,processedoil,on,intensifythefundcircul,thegovernmentisconfrontedwithproblemswhichshouldhavebeensolvedbythemarket,andisforcedtodrivetherigidpriceincrease;andapriceadjustmentmechanismisformed,underwhichthegovernmenthastopromotetherigidpriceincrease,ratherthananinnovativemechanismuetothelong-standingpricerelationsdistortionBlockedpriceconductionbetweenupstreamanddownstreamenterprisesandirrationalpricerelationshipofmajorenergyproducts,especiallythepricebetweenthecoalandelectricity,crudeandprocessedoil,electricityforindustrialandcommercialuseandforresidentialuse,andnaturalgasandoil,havecausedreverseadjustmentofthepriceleverage,whichimpedestheimprovementofenergyangsectorandattractingitsoverseasinvestmentbackbytakingadvantageofthelow-costenergy,highattentionshouldbegiventotheinfluenceofenergypriceonChinaicdevelopmentDamagetotheecologicalenvironmentcausedintheprocessofenergyresourcesdevelopmentandproductionhasnotbeenfullycalculatedintocost,andthemineandwaterpricehasnotful,thecurrentcoalpricedoesnotreflectthetruevalueofcoal,feesforexercisingtherightforprospectingandminingaretoolowtofullyreflectthecoalscarcityandsufficientlymirrorindustrialsafetyandotherinternalcostandsuchexternalcostasinfluenceontheeco-environment;besides,itcannottellthecoalminewithdrawcostandexpenditureandpaysnoattentiontointergenerationalequality,,thegovernmentsdepenoregulationandadjustment,andtheirpricesupervisionfunctionisusuallysubjecttothemacro-regulationandadjustmentfunction;therefore,,amechanismisabsenttocollectrealcostinformationofthemonopolylinksandgiverelevantfeedback;andthepricessupervisiondepartmentsarebotheredbyinsufficienthuman,,spricehearingsystemshouldbefurtherimproved,andithasachesandmechanismsareamustformakingnewbreakperiodtocomecanbesummarizedas"upholdingonedirectionandimprovingtwomechanisms".Upholdingonedirection:weshouldupholdthedirectiontowardsamechanismofformingthepriceleverageviathemarket,andenablethesupply-demandrelationshiptoplayabasicandleadingroleindecidingtheprice,andreduceasmuchaspossiblethescopeanddegreeofgovernment,ratherthanpriceadjustment,andtheultimategoalistomakethemarketmaximallyplayitsrole,sothatthepri:first,weshouldimprovethepricingmechanismandparticularlyaddressproblemslikedistortedenergyprices,irrationalpricerelationandincompletecompositiononthebasisoffullandprecisereflectionoftheresourcescarcity,supply-demandrelationshipandexternalcostofenvironmentdamage;second,weshouldimprovethepricesupervisionmechanismtoeffectivelysupervisethegovernment-setpriceinmonopolylinks(suchasthepowergridandnaturalgaspipelinenetwork),intensifytheindependenceandcapabilityofsupervisiondepartmentsandcombatpricemanipspricereformisembracingtwo"windowperiods".First,someenergyresourcesaremoreexpensivethanthoseintheUnitedStatesandsomeothercountries,butarecheaperthanthoseinmostEuropeancountriesandJapan;andsecond,ingmechanism;otherwise,itwillfacemoredifficultiesandhighercost.。

    Figure1ChangesofPPI(ProducerPriceIndex)fromJune2011–June2013Source:Btrades,causingabnormalimportandexportfluctuationsBecauseofChinascapitalaccountcontrols,omsuchareasasHongKong,Macau,r,tothefirsthalfof2013,:internalandexternalinterestspreads,RMBappreciation,andtialcustomssupervisionareas,withthetradesconcentratedprimarilyinpreciousmetals,integratedcircuits,orothereasilytransportable,,afterregulatorymeasureswerestrengthenedinMay,exportgrowthdroppedto1%and-3%inMayandJunerespectively,%,Macao,andTaiwaninchina,%to6%,%%.Ifwesimplylookatnormaltrade,exportgrowthinthefirsthalfoftheyearremainedroughlyunchanged,rtualandtherealeconomyPresently,,M2andloanbalanceswereRMB105and68trillionyuanrespectively,or200%and130%,liquidityinthemoneymarket,whichexposedproblemsthathaveariseninthelastfewyears,suchasgebanksatlowrates,,low-efficiencycompanies,industriesexperiencingovercapacityorcashflowproblems,aswellashighly-leveragedrealestateventuresdrainedfundingfromtherealeconomyandasaresult,increasedoverallmark,thefinancialsectorseemedprosperousandhousingpricesroseinspiteoftheglobalrecession,butthemajorityoftherealeconomywasinseriousneedoffunding,,alackofeffectiveexitmechanisms,andslowovercapacityadjustmentsChinascurrentovercapacityaffectsawiderangeofindustries,,theconflic,fiercecompetitionatthelowerendofthevaluec,backwardproductionfacilitiescouldnotbecloseddownproperlyandindustrytransformationandupgradingcannotbesmoothlyattained,whichc,manyindustrieswithovercapacityareimportanttolocalgovernmentsformeetingGDP,taxrevenues,,duetothelackofeffectiveexitmechanisms,alotofinefficientorunprofitable"zombie"companies(insolventcompanies)areforcedtojustbarelyremaininbusiness,,butstructuralproblemscannotbeignoredInthecontextoftheeconomicdownturnperformance,employmentremainedbasicallystable,,,andthedemandgapfortechnicalworkers,skilledworkers,,:first,collegegraduatesarehavingdifficultysecuringemployment,,marketdemandcontinuedtobesluggish,laborandcapitalcostswererelativelyhigh,,higher-endserviceindustriessuchascatering,accommodation,exhibition,andentertainmentallexperiencedadeclineindemand,positionsdeclinedbynearly3percentagepointsinthefirstquarter,,andchangesinemploymenttrendsshouldbegivenadequateconcern.ByLiWei,DRCPresidentIntheDecisiononMajorIssuesConcerningComprehensivelyDeepeningReformsadoptedattheThirdPlenarySessionofthe18thCPCCentralCommittee,itispointedthateffortsaretobemadetoenhancetheconstructionofnew-typethinktankswithChinesecharacteristic,PresidentXiJinpinghastwicegivenimportantinstructionsontheconstructionofthinktanksandstressedthatgreatimportanceshouldbeattachedtothinktanksasanimportantcomponentpartofChinassoftpower,andmajoreffortsshouldbemadetoexploretheorganizationalformsandmanagementstyles,ontheonehand,indicatethatbuildingthinktanksisanimportanttooltoadvancethemodernizationofthenationalgovernancesystemandgovernancecapability,and,ontheotherhand,makeclearthefundamentalorientationandgeneralrequirtemThinktanks,alsoknownas"braintrust",generallyrefertoprofessionalinstitutionsonpublicpolicies,whosemainfunctionistoprovidehigh-qualityoptionsforpolicy-makerstosolveeconomic,,inthemodernsense,cameintobeinginWesterncountriesinthe19thcentury,asaresultofthespecif,theworldspoliticalpowerandeconomicorderhaveundergonedeachcountry,theadvicesgivenbyindividualcounselorscouldhardlymeettheneeds,team-basedthinktankswereurgentlyneededtoprovidehigher-qualityandprofessionaloptandwithimprovedcounselingservicestheyforgedcl,theyhavebecomeanimportantcomponentpartofthestategover,thenumberofoutstandingthinktanksacrosstheglobeamountedto6,,beforetheSecondWorldWartherewereonly20oddthinktanksincludingtheBrookingsInstitutionandtheHooverInstitutiononWar,RevolutionandPeacewhereasitsnumberofthinktankshadincreasedto1828by2013,formingarelativelycom,inthemodernsense,aremainlyengagedinraisingprofessional,objectiveandindependentproposalsonpublicpolicies,helpingpolicy-makersformulateandimplementrelevantpolicies,,culturaltraditionanddevelopmentstage,thinktanksintheWesterndevelopedcountriesaremainlysocialorganizationsindependentfromthegovernmentsystem;whileinEastAsianareas,governmentsofmajoreconomiesactivelybuiltalargenumberofthinktanksinthelate20thcentury,bearingthespecialfeatureof"government-run",actsandbills,thegovernmentsorpartiesofWesterncountriesoftenholdin-depthdiscussionsandmakerepeateddemonstrationswithrelevantthinktanks,stermofoffice,theAtlanticCouncilcompletedChinaPolicyintheNextDecade,whosemainpdefame,thankstoitssuccessfulpredictionandstrategicresearchonsuchmajorinternationaleventsasthelaunchingtimeofRussiansfirstsatellite,thewithdrawalofAmericantroopsfromVietnam,theestablishmentofSino-USdiplomaticrelations,theCubanmissilecrisis,,thespeechesordebatesonpublicpoliciesatlegislaturesbyMPsinWesterncountriesareactuallyabattleamongdifferentthinktanks."ComprehensiveSafeguardStrategy"putforwardbyNomuraResearchInstitute(NRI)(KDI)contributedtheirwisdomandhelpedtheg,itsnotdifficulttoseethatthequalityofthinktank,,threlevantoptionsandproposals,makedemonstrationandevaluationonrelatedactionplansandimplementationeffects,,theycaninspirepeoplesociety,expertsandscholarsfromthinktankswritearticles,publishworksandmakecommentsand,,thinktankscanputforwardpoliticalviewsfromanobjectiveandfairstandpointandp,"arevolvingdoor",theg,afterleavingtheirpostsoraftertheirretirement,getengagedinpolicyresearchworkinrelevantthinktanks,overnmentandthinktanksandfacilitatethelattersIsaRequestofOurTimesDuringtherevolutionaryperiodandtheearlystageofconstruction,theCPChadattachedgreatimportancetotheworkofpolicyconsultation,investigationandresearch,butteaupdrive,ChinaestablishedinstitutionsonpolicycounselingandresearchsuchastheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences(CASS)andtheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC).AccordingtothestatisticsofShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,thereareover200relativelyactivethinktanksinChina(notincludingcollegeanduniversitythinktanks)andacommondevelopmentpatternhastakeninitialshape,withofficialthinktanksworkingasthemainstayandsupplementedbyuniversity,ellasthehotanddifficultissuesinChinaseconomicandsocialdevelopment,alltypesofthinktankshaveearnestlyfulfilledtheirdutiesandproducedanumberofvaluableresearchfindingsforpolicymaking,Theimpactresultingfromtheimplementationofrelevantresearchresultshavepushedforwardscientificanddemocraticdecisionmaking,andmadecontributionstoChina,duetotheirgoodwork,becomequitewell-knownintheworld.10-200米Figure1 ChangesofCPIandCoreCPIfromJanuarytoSeptember2013Source:NationalBureauofStatistics,rvicepriceswentupconsiderablyFromJanuarytoSeptember,%,yearonyear,%%,,%ofCPIgrowth,,theupsantorsasunusualweather,naturaldisasterandholidays,thepricesoffreshvegetables,amongothers,increasedfrom10%%onyear-on-yearbasisinFebruaryandMarch,;afterJune,vegetablepricesgrewinafluctuatingway,yearonyear,%inSeptember,,asbreedingscaleofcattleandsheephasbeenconstrainedinChinabyresourceconditionsinrecentyears,andbecauseofthelongerbreedingperiod,highercostandweakconsumptionsubstitutioneffect,themarketsupplyanddemandh,intervenedbyfrozenmeatpurchaseandstoragecontinuallyconductedbythestate,thepiggrainratioroseagainabovethebreak-evenpoint,facilitatingthereboundingofporkpricesfromneg,thefluctuationsinriseofpricesofmeat,poultryandrelatedmanufacturedproductsinthefirstthre,theriseofpricesofmeat,,%ofCPIgrowthinthesamemonth(Table1).Table1 ContributionofY-on-YRiseofPricesofFreshVegetable,Meat,PoultryandRelatedProductsandPorktoCPIfromJanuarytoSeptember2013。

    海上皇宫app下载,’sCross-BorderE-CommerceAsanewbusinessform,cross-bordere-commercehasseveraladvantagesincludinglowerentrythreshold,fewerintermediaries,lowercostandshortertransactioncycles,whichcanhelpdomesticbusinessesreducethecostininternationaltradeandfacilitateth,China’’sE-CommerceMarketDataMonitoringreleasedbyChinaResearchCenterofE-CommerceshowsthatChina’,%.Ofthetotaltransactionvolume,%%respectively,’senterprisesaremainlyconsumergoods,includinggarments,accessories,,skincareproducts,babyandmaternityproducts,luxurygoods,fashionclothes,electronicconsumergoods,,China’scross-bordere-commercecanbecategorizedintocross-borderB2Btrade(e-commercetransactionsbetweencompaniesinforeigntrade),cross-borderB2C(business-to-customerretailing)businessstartedonthefollowingmajore-retailingplatforms:Tmall,Suning,Yihaodian,,’sSingles’Day()in2014,businessesandconsumersof217countriesandregionsconductedtransactionsonAlibaba’splatform,whichindicatescross-,cross-borderB2BhasbeendominantinChina’scross-bordere-commerce,%rmsasAlibaba,DHgate,GlobalSources,Made-in-China,,,inthefuture,cross-borderB2Bbusinesswillmainlyinvolvematchingi’sEconomicTransformationandUpgradingThedevelopmentofcross-bordere-commercecannotonlyboostthegrowthofChina’sinternationaltradeandnationaleconomy,butalsopromotesthetransformationandupgradingofChina’’seconomictransformation,,developingcross-bordere-commercecanhelpChina’senterprise“InternetPlus”tics,China’,theycannotonlyhaveabetterandtimelyknowledgeofthedevelopmenttrendintheinternationalmarket,butalsounderstandandsatisfycustomers’,andmake“Made-in-China”and“ChinaService”,developingcross-bordere-commercecanfacilitatethetransformationandupgradingofChina’,overseasimporterstendtopurchaseinsmallandmediumvolumesinsteadoflargeones,,large-volumetransactionsincontainersoftenseenintraditionalforeigntradearegraduallyreplacedby“fragmented”t,expandingandpromotingapplicationofe-commerce,China’sexportenterprisesareabletoadapttothenewdevelopmenttrendoftheinternationalmarketandcultivatenewadvantagesofChina’,developingcross-bordere-commercefacilitatesthecultivationofbrandsofChina’,enableslargenumberofChina’senterprisestosteptothefront,(OEM)’“smallandcompetitive”’-commerceInordertosupportthedevelopmentofcross-bordere-commercewhichisanewformofcommercialactivity,GeneralAdministrationofCustomsofChina(GACC),GACChasstartedpilotworkinsomecitieswithenoughcross-bordere-commerceactiviti,theGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncilforwardedOpinionsonImplementingRelevantPoliciestoSupportCross-BorderE-CommerceRetailExportjointlyissuedbyninedepartmentsincludingMinistryofCommerce,NationalDevelopmentandReformCommission,MinistryofFinance,thePeople’:toestablishanewtypeofcustomsregulatorymodelforexportbye-commerceandrecordthedatainaspecialprogram;tosetuparegulatorymodelfore-exportinspection;tosupportforeignexchangecollectionandsettlementofe-exportingindustries;toencouragebankinginstitutionsandpaymentagenciestoprovidepaymentservicesforcross-bordere-commerce;toimplementtaxpoliciessuitablefore-export;,includingShanghai,Chongqing,Hangzhou,Ningbo,Zhengzhou,GuangzhouandShenzhen,areencouragedtoactivelyandeffectivelypromote,“personalpostalarticlestax”,equivalenttopersonalarticles,andareeligibleforthewaiverof“tariffplusvalue-addedtaxplusconsumptiontax”,inJuly2014,GACCapprovedthemodelofbondedimportinthisindustrybyissuingAnnouncementonIssuesConcerningtheRegulationofGoodsandArticlesEnteringandExitingChinathroughCross-BorderTra,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchangeraisedtheupperlimitofasingletransactionincross-bordere-commercefrom$10,000to$50,,inordertosupportcross-bordere-commerce,theGeneralAdministrationofQualitySupervision,InspectionandQuarantine(AQSIQ)issuedOpinionsonDeepeningtheReformoftheRegulatoryModelofInspectionandQuarantine,,theStateCouncilreleasedGuidingOpinionsonPromotingSoundandRapidDevelopmentofCross-BorderE-Commerce,focusingonprovidingsolutionstothepbordere-commerce,topromoteimproveregulatorypoliciesandmeasuresofinspectionandquarantine,andtoprovidepositivefiscalsupport,soastofacilitateprocedure-baseddevelopmentofcross-bordere-commerce.ByZhangChenghui,Director-GeneraloftheResearchInstituteforFinance,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo106,2013(Total4355)ftheFinancialIndustryIfcategorizingisdoneintermsoftheintensityoffactorinputsandtheindustriesareclassifiedaslabor-intensive,capital-intensive,technology-intensiveandknowledge-intensive,thenthefinancialindustryisdeemedasa"contract-intensiveindustry".Asaspecialservicesector,thefinancialindustryrelatestocontractualarrangementsbeingfarmoreintensiveandcomplicatedthanotherindustriesinproductionandtradingoffinancialproducts,whicharemorevulnerableto"informationasymmetry"and"ethicalrisks".Hence,ifsoundenvironmentsforensuringthecontractimplementationarefewandfarbetween,riskswillincreasesubstantially,thusaffectinginvestorsinformationandtheirtradingaspirations,,,bankruptcylawsofIndonesia,SouthKorea,ThailandandRussiawerenotallcarriedoutstrictly,leavingcreditorsinterestsunprotected,andmalfunctioningenterprisesorfinancialptionoftheongoinginternationalfinancialcrisis:ononehand,withtheexplosivedevelopmentofthefinancialderivatives,loopholesappearagainstconsumerprotection;ontheotherhand,theissueof"toobigtofail(TBTF)"isquitetangibleindevelopedcountries,cialinfrastructureofacountryshouldincludelegalenvironment,dlegalenvironmentcanrelationsamongvariousstakeholder,namely,perfectlegalsystem,effectiveexecutivesystemandreason,thelegalsystemshouldbewellestablis,thelegalsystemshouldalsokeeppacewiththetimesandbeadjustedint,afair,justandefficientfinancialdisputehearingandarbitrationmechanismshouldbesetupunancialdisput,theviewpointofestablishingani,pilotcourtshavebeensetupinShanghai,Henan,,theInternationalFinancialArbitrationCourtbegantooperateinHague,specializinginofferingarbitrationservicesfordisputesarisin,financialsupervis,hiddenillegalconductsanddifficultyinobtainingevidencethroughinvestigationfeaturefinancialtransactions,plusfinancialinvestorsbeingrelativelyscattered,thenumberofsmallandmediuminvestorsbeinghugeandtheclassactionmechanismbeingimperfectandincompleteinChina,therefore,itisnecessarytoprovidefinancialsupervisionandregulationdepartmentswithnecessaryrightstoenforcethelaws,suchasthequeryrights,,theserightsmustbemoderateandreasonable,sinformationasymmetryandconstructthelong-actingconstraintandincentivemechanismforborrowersForeignexperienceshowsthatinformationdisclosureislessdemandedwhenstockholdersconcentraterelativelyand,conversely,:Asmallnumberofbigshareholdersarefarmorecapableofacquiringand,accurateandtimelyinformationdisclosureisneededtohelpt,indirect-financing-orientedeconomieshavelesserpressureofdisclosinginformationtothepublic,while,Chinaismakingeffortstoboostthetransformationfromtheinvestment-drivenandscale-centeredextensiveeconomicgrowthpatterntotheinnovation-dr,callsforthemajoreffortstodevelopingserviceindustriesandsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,,;(includingpubliccompanies,yettheimplementationstandardisdifferentfromthatoflistedcompanies),,listedandunlistedpubliccompaniestaketheinitiativeindisclosingnecessaryfinancialandbusinessope,thepassivedisclosuresystemiscarriedout,namely,informationiscollectedandcompiledunderthecreditreferencesystem,andinformationoninquirysubjectsare,theobjectiveandspecializedthird-partycommentsarevitalimportancetothesystem.ByLaiYouwei,,2015Inrecentyears,Chidustryasaresultofthemeasurestakentoprotectintellectualpropertyright,developintegratedindustries,givesupporttocreativetalent,makefiscal,’sculturalindustryhasembarkedonthetrackoffastdevelopment,withsteadyincreaseofcus,thefollowingfeaturescanbeseeninthedevelopmentofChina’’sculturalindustryhasembarkedonthetrackoffastdevelopment,withcontinuousoptimizationofindustrialstructureChina’scultbytheNationalBureauofStatisticsinDec2014,thevalue-addedgeneratedbyChina’,%ofGDP,%,%,thevalue-addedgeneratedbyChina’,%ofthetotalculturalindustry;the,%ofthetotal;,%ofthetotal,,thevalue-addedof“culturalcreationanddesignservice”,%’,China’sculturalindusdindustries,,withthestate-ownedorstate-controlledculturalbusinesseshavingmoredevelopmentvigorandmarketcompetitivenessIn2008,theGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncilissuedNoticeofTwoRegulationsonTransformingFor-ProfitCulturalInstitutionsintoBusinessEnterprisesandSupportingtheDevelopmentofCulturalEnterprisesinReformationofCulturalMechanism,whichimprovedthesupportivepoliciesfortransformingpro-profitculturalinsti,China’sfor-profitculturalinstitutions,includingpublishing,distribution,film-making,TVseries-making,broadcastingandTVtransmissionaswellasordinarystate-ownedperformingartstroupes,newspapersandmagazine,auccessfullytransformedfromrelyingongovernmentfundingtoself-reliance,helevelof10billionyuan,,otherprovinces,,activelyexploreandalsopracticethewaystoacceleratetransformation,produceartisticworks,,withtheirowndevelopmentfea,,includingXinFengxia,TrilogyofOresteia,,theyhavedoneextensivere-creationoftraditionalplays,,theyre-playsometraditionalplays,suchasExchangingaLeopardCatforaPrince,RememberBacktotheCup,,,theTheaterkeepsitsannualsalesrevenueatabout12millionyuan,halfofwhic,’snon-governmentculturalmarketplayer,over700thousandculturalmarketplayerswereregisteredinindustryandcommerceadministrationofficesalloverthecountry,,,sidents’consumptionofculturalgoodsandservicesaswellaseducationandentertainment,withawideneddivideofexpenditurebetweenurbanandruralresidentsAlongwithChina’seconomicandsocialdevelopmentandtheriseofpeople’sincome,culturalconsump2013,increasingby64%,asculturalconsumptionincreasesfast,,theexpenditure,,(Inthesameperiod,thedivideofurbanandruralconsumptionpercapitabecameevenlarger,)Second,thepercentageofChina’surbanandruralresidents’expendi’percapitaexpenditureonculturalgoodsandservicesaswellase%%%%%-13%inrecentyears,whilethatofruralresidentsfellallthewaytoabout8%.Thefallofurbanspendingonculturalconsumptionismain’poorconsumptionpowerandinconvenienceinculturalconsumption.贝宝新注册送38元体验金重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByWeiJigang,ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo142,2014(Total4641),ageographerofthelateMingandearlyQingDynasty,inhisDushiFangyuJiyao(EssenceofHistoricalGeography),Hebei“occupiestheupstreamandpossessesthepotentialtodefendattacksfromtheworld,WouldntitbethenowZhili(anadministrativedivision)”Inthenewhistoricalperiod,promotingtheoptimizationandupgradingoftheindustrialstructureinHebeiProvinceisofcrucialimportanceforitso,regionalandprovincialconditions,Hebeineedstopositionitsindustryinthelightofdomesticandinternationalchangesinindustrialstructure,chooseitsdevelopmentdirectioninlinewiththemarketdemand,regionallabordivisionandcoordinationaswellasindustrialdevelopmentpattern,anddeterminethebreakthroughfieldsbasedontheexistingfoundations,ionofHebeiProvinceAtpresent,theworldeconomicstructurehasundergonemajorchanges,andtheworldeconomicfocusisshiftingtoAsia,,newmajorbreakthroughswillbeseeninnewscienceandtechnologyaswellasinnewindustry;intdustryandtradeinallcountries,,globalizationfacilitatesglobalconnectivityandmobility,booststhedeepeningofgloballabordivisionandtheformationofglobalvaluechain;thetrendsofglobalresearchdevelopment,globalprocurement,production,,,whilesomelow-endlinksshifttothedevelopingcountrieswithmorecostadvantagesinprimaryfactors;internationalcompetitionbecomesmorefierce,andtradefrictionsandbarriersarestillontherise;industrialdevelopmentshouldmeetthedemandforthegoodsandservicescharacterizedbybeinggreen,energy-saving,environmentallyfriendly,intelligent,highquality,,Chinahasbecometheworldsbiggestpowerofmanufacturingandtrade,,,newfeaturesofthecurrenttimesareembodiedinregionaleconomicintegration,constructionofurbanagglomerations,regionalblocs,andtheestablishmentofFreeTradeArea(FTA).IntermsoftheregionaleconomicdevelopmentandlabordivisioninChina,whileaccountingforalargepartofthetotaleconomyandwithrelativelywelldevelopedurbanagglomeration,theYangtzeRiverDeltaandPearlR,Shanghaifocusesonthedevelopmentofmodernserviceindustryandadvancedmanufacturingindustryas,JiangsuandGuangdonghavetheirownleadingindustries,nlocation,environmentandr,andTianjinputmoreimportanceinthedevelopmentofheavychemicalindustry,manufacturingindustry,high-endandnewtechnology,shipping,entyears,,agricultureandindustry,,,petrochemicalindustryandequipment,flatglass,penicillinandvitaminCrunsthefirstinthecountry,boastingsomefamousbrandnamesandresourceadvantagesincoal,petroleum,iron,,,:poorinnovationcapacity;weakcorecompetitiveness;homogeneousproduction;low-levelrepetition;lackofspecialtyindustry;lackofprofitsfromproducingqualityproducts;seriousindustrialovercapacity;scaleexpansionbyoverdependenceonlabor,land,resourceandotherfactors;environmentaldegradationandresourcesdepletion;bigchallengesofenvironmentalcontrol3;severeshortageofwaterresource4;growingconflictbetweenhumandemandandlandavailability;inadequatedevelopmentofvariousmarkets;lowdegreeofoutward-orientationandopenness;weekoceanconsciousness;lessdevelopednon-state-ownedeconomyandfewersmallandmediumenterprises(SMEs)comparedwithotherdevelopedprovinces5;lesssatisfactoryenvironmentfortheenterprisesdevelopment;lowinclusivenessofindustryandsociety;lackofwell-developedmetropolitanareas,sparsespatiallayoutofindustries;lackofindustrylinkage;thedevelopmentandcapacityofrailways,ports,aviation,logistics,supplychainmanagement,marketing,RD,finance,sindustrialstructureneedtobeconsideredfrommultipleperspectivesofhistory,geography,growth,future,linkage,newtechnology,internationalsituationandspace.Figure1ChangesofPPI(ProducerPriceIndex)fromJune2011–June2013Source:Btrades,causingabnormalimportandexportfluctuationsBecauseofChinascapitalaccountcontrols,omsuchareasasHongKong,Macau,r,tothefirsthalfof2013,:internalandexternalinterestspreads,RMBappreciation,andtialcustomssupervisionareas,withthetradesconcentratedprimarilyinpreciousmetals,integratedcircuits,orothereasilytransportable,,afterregulatorymeasureswerestrengthenedinMay,exportgrowthdroppedto1%and-3%inMayandJunerespectively,%,Macao,andTaiwaninchina,%to6%,%%.Ifwesimplylookatnormaltrade,exportgrowthinthefirsthalfoftheyearremainedroughlyunchanged,rtualandtherealeconomyPresently,,M2andloanbalanceswereRMB105and68trillionyuanrespectively,or200%and130%,liquidityinthemoneymarket,whichexposedproblemsthathaveariseninthelastfewyears,suchasgebanksatlowrates,,low-efficiencycompanies,industriesexperiencingovercapacityorcashflowproblems,aswellashighly-leveragedrealestateventuresdrainedfundingfromtherealeconomyandasaresult,increasedoverallmark,thefinancialsectorseemedprosperousandhousingpricesroseinspiteoftheglobalrecession,butthemajorityoftherealeconomywasinseriousneedoffunding,,alackofeffectiveexitmechanisms,andslowovercapacityadjustmentsChinascurrentovercapacityaffectsawiderangeofindustries,,theconflic,fiercecompetitionatthelowerendofthevaluec,backwardproductionfacilitiescouldnotbecloseddownproperlyandindustrytransformationandupgradingcannotbesmoothlyattained,whichc,manyindustrieswithovercapacityareimportanttolocalgovernmentsformeetingGDP,taxrevenues,,duetothelackofeffectiveexitmechanisms,alotofinefficientorunprofitable"zombie"companies(insolventcompanies)areforcedtojustbarelyremaininbusiness,,butstructuralproblemscannotbeignoredInthecontextoftheeconomicdownturnperformance,employmentremainedbasicallystable,,,andthedemandgapfortechnicalworkers,skilledworkers,,:first,collegegraduatesarehavingdifficultysecuringemployment,,marketdemandcontinuedtobesluggish,laborandcapitalcostswererelativelyhigh,,higher-endserviceindustriessuchascatering,accommodation,exhibition,andentertainmentallexperiencedadeclineindemand,positionsdeclinedbynearly3percentagepointsinthefirstquarter,,andchangesinemploymenttrendsshouldbegivenadequateconcern.ByFengFei,ShiYaodong,DengYusong,WangXiaoming,WangJinzhaoSongZifeng,ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyInstituteofMarketEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo122,2013(Total4371)Thedeep-seatedproblemsconfrontingChinaspricereformhaveremainedformanyyears,andthedistortedfactorpriceshaveledtoirrationalresourceallocation,,distortedpricerelations,andincompletepricestructureandpricesupervisionmechanism,theState,inaperiodtocome,shouldclarifythereformmasterplanof"upholdingonedirectionandimprovingtwomechanisms",whichmeanstomaintainthedirectionofreformformarketeconomyandletthesupply-demandrelationshipplayabasicandleadingroleindecidingthemarketprice;andimprovethepricingmechanismsothatthepricesignalscantrulyreflecttheresourcescarcity,supply-demandrelationshipandcostofenvironmentdamageandimprovethepricesupervisionmechanismtoputthegovernment-pricedmonopolylinksundereffectivesupervision,strengthentheindependenceandcapacityofthesupervisioninssPriceReformThenumberofproductsandserviceswhosepricesareunderthedirectinterventionofthegovernmenthassignificantlydropped,instead,thecontroloverthep,themarket-basedpricingmechanismsforproductsandfactorsvitaltothenationaleconomyandpeople,butingeneral,icesleadtoirrationalresourceallocation,enceofthepricereformistoreformtheirrationalpricingmechanismandenablethesupply-demandrelationshiptodeterminethemarketprice,therareas(thepriceadjustment,tobemorespecific)shouldbeessentiallyattributedtoimproperguidelinestoreplacereformwithadjustment,namely,toeaselong-standingcontradictionbetweensupplyanddemandandbetweentheupstreamandthedownstreamenterprisesthroughshort-termregulatedpriceandadjustedprice;forexample,thereformofpricesofcoalforpowergeneration,processedoil,on,intensifythefundcircul,thegovernmentisconfrontedwithproblemswhichshouldhavebeensolvedbythemarket,andisforcedtodrivetherigidpriceincrease;andapriceadjustmentmechanismisformed,underwhichthegovernmenthastopromotetherigidpriceincrease,ratherthananinnovativemechanismuetothelong-standingpricerelationsdistortionBlockedpriceconductionbetweenupstreamanddownstreamenterprisesandirrationalpricerelationshipofmajorenergyproducts,especiallythepricebetweenthecoalandelectricity,crudeandprocessedoil,electricityforindustrialandcommercialuseandforresidentialuse,andnaturalgasandoil,havecausedreverseadjustmentofthepriceleverage,whichimpedestheimprovementofenergyangsectorandattractingitsoverseasinvestmentbackbytakingadvantageofthelow-costenergy,highattentionshouldbegiventotheinfluenceofenergypriceonChinaicdevelopmentDamagetotheecologicalenvironmentcausedintheprocessofenergyresourcesdevelopmentandproductionhasnotbeenfullycalculatedintocost,andthemineandwaterpricehasnotful,thecurrentcoalpricedoesnotreflectthetruevalueofcoal,feesforexercisingtherightforprospectingandminingaretoolowtofullyreflectthecoalscarcityandsufficientlymirrorindustrialsafetyandotherinternalcostandsuchexternalcostasinfluenceontheeco-environment;besides,itcannottellthecoalminewithdrawcostandexpenditureandpaysnoattentiontointergenerationalequality,,thegovernmentsdepenoregulationandadjustment,andtheirpricesupervisionfunctionisusuallysubjecttothemacro-regulationandadjustmentfunction;therefore,,amechanismisabsenttocollectrealcostinformationofthemonopolylinksandgiverelevantfeedback;andthepricessupervisiondepartmentsarebotheredbyinsufficienthuman,,spricehearingsystemshouldbefurtherimproved,andithasachesandmechanismsareamustformakingnewbreakperiodtocomecanbesummarizedas"upholdingonedirectionandimprovingtwomechanisms".Upholdingonedirection:weshouldupholdthedirectiontowardsamechanismofformingthepriceleverageviathemarket,andenablethesupply-demandrelationshiptoplayabasicandleadingroleindecidingtheprice,andreduceasmuchaspossiblethescopeanddegreeofgovernment,ratherthanpriceadjustment,andtheultimategoalistomakethemarketmaximallyplayitsrole,sothatthepri:first,weshouldimprovethepricingmechanismandparticularlyaddressproblemslikedistortedenergyprices,irrationalpricerelationandincompletecompositiononthebasisoffullandprecisereflectionoftheresourcescarcity,supply-demandrelationshipandexternalcostofenvironmentdamage;second,weshouldimprovethepricesupervisionmechanismtoeffectivelysupervisethegovernment-setpriceinmonopolylinks(suchasthepowergridandnaturalgaspipelinenetwork),intensifytheindependenceandcapabilityofsupervisiondepartmentsandcombatpricemanipspricereformisembracingtwo"windowperiods".First,someenergyresourcesaremoreexpensivethanthoseintheUnitedStatesandsomeothercountries,butarecheaperthanthoseinmostEuropeancountriesandJapan;andsecond,ingmechanism;otherwise,itwillfacemoredifficultiesandhighercost.EnergyissueisofstrategicimportanceaffectingChinasoveralleconomicandsociald,DRChasundertakenamajorresearchprojectonthestrategiesforChinasmid-andlong-termenergydevelopmentwiththeinvolvementofover70expertsfromrelevantChfanddemandforenergy;objectives,principles,androadmapofChinasfutureenergydevelopment;thecontroversialenergytechnologiessuchascoalchemical,nuclearpower,andelectricvehicles;keyenergyconsumingareassuchasurbanizationandtransport;,utionandSignificantChangesAreTakingPlaceinEnergyTechnology,,riodfeaturedbymulti-pointbreakthroughs,,renewableenergy,,electriccarsanndstorage(CCS)esbasedontheirresourceendowment,andwillproduceaprofoundimpactonstructureofenergysupply,modeofproductionandutilization,industrialorganizationandregionalstructure,,sign"peakoiltheory",thenewlyincreasedoildemandofChinaanityinvolvingthetraditionaloilproducingareas,,icaenergyindependent,,theUnitedStatesismoretoughandradicalinpushingthedemocratizationprocessintheMiddleEastdisregardingtheconstraintofoilissue,ngestoChinathatisthumbingaliftofinternationalenergytransitsecurity,makingitexposedtothegeo-politicalrisksinitssurroundingareas,,withthedecliningshareofitsnaturalgasinEurope,RussiahastoexportitsnaturalgastoEastAsia,cau,theglobalenergydemandisboundtogrowcontinuouslyand,eventhoughtheworldhasmadetremendouseffortstopushforwardgreentransformation,,%%,theenergydemandincrementsofChinaandIndiawouldtakeup33%and29%respectivelyoftheworld,althoughthedevelopmentofunconventionaloilandgasinNorthAmericahasimprovedtheregionalenergysupplytosomeextent,withcountriesinSouthAsia,ASEANandMiddleEaststeppinguptheirindustrializationprocess,,the,astheChineseeconomyisshiftingfromitshighgrowthtothemid-high,,ifcorrectenergystrategiesandpolicieswereadopted,economicrestructuringandindustrialupgradingwereacceleratedwhilelowcarbontransportationandgreenbuildingsweredeveloped,theenergydemandwouldbecontrolledataround5billiontonsa,China%annually,%intheperiodof2020-2030,%,Chinasenergyself-sufficiencyhasgenerallymaintainedatafairlyhighlevel,butthedependenceonoilandnaturalgasimporthaskeptclimbingwhiletheenvironmentalpressuresste,Chinasoilco,thedependenceonoilimportwouldreacharound75%by2030andthatofnaturalgaswouldalsorisespeedily,leadingtoseverechallengestoChinaalpressures,,itwouldposemajorchallengestoChinassocioeconomicdevelopment,,,NOX,,theemissionintensitywerenotcutandthecurrenttrendwerenotcontained,,GreenandHighlyEfficiaseffortstoacceleratethetransformationofitseconomicdevelopmentmode,Chinasenergystrategyshouldfocusonpromotingthetransformationofthemodeofenergydevelopmentinordertoestablishasafe,greenandhighlyefficientenergysysteminitiallyby2020,thefollowingsixareas:ensuringenergysecurity,prioritizingenergyconservation,optimizingenergystructure,targetinglowemissions,,whilestressingtherelianceondomesticresources,thedevelopmentofnewenergyandnaturalgaizethedomesticproduction,andc,ucetherelianceonoilimportfromtheMideastandthatonoilshippingthroughMalaccaStrait,iesshouldbeencouragedtoinvestinChinafocusingonthemid-and-downstreambusinesses,whileChineseenterprisesshouldbeencouragedtoinvestov,thecapabilitiminvolvingnationalbusinesse,perationsofpowersystemanditsshippingroutesensured.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByHeJianwu,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo115,2014(Total4614)In2010,thescaleofChinaseconomyexceededthatofJapan,becomingthesecondlargesteconomyintheworldandthelargestinAsia,andoneofthemedium-andh,itsdevelopmentisreflectednotonlyintheimprovementofitsownlevel,butalsointhefactthatithasalsobecomeanimportantsincreasingroleandinfluenceinglobaleconomy,thecorrectunderstandingandpublicizingofthepositiveroleofChinasdevelopmentintheglobaleconomyisnotonlyconducivetoimprovingthepositiveimageofChinaintheinternationalcommunity,butalsohasgreaitiveinfluenceofChinasEconomicGrowthSpeedsuptheChangeofthe"South-North"DevelopmentP,itisfoundthatthegloba,theproportionofGDPofdevelopedcountriestothatofdevelopingcountriesintheglobaleconomyremainedbasicallystable,withtheGDPo,theproportionofGDPofdevelopedcountriesintheglobaleconomyroseremarkablyfromlessthan80%tonearly85%.Inthiscentury,boostedbydevelopingcountries,especiallyChinasrapidgrowth,thesituationhasbeenreversed,withtheproportionofdevelopingcountriesbeginningtosoarfromabout18%%in2012,%%seconomyontheglobaleconomyisreflectednotonlyinthechangeoftheSouth-Northdevelopmentpattern,(2011),withthecontinuedriseofChinaseconomyandthedevelopmentofotherregionsinEastAsia,theglobaleconomiccenterofgravityisshiftingtotheeastatanacceleratedspeed,movingfromthemiddleofthesEconomicGrowthNotOnlyProvidesAHugeMarkettotheGlobalEconomy,ButAlsoSpeedsUpT,Chinasecseconomicdevelopmenthasprovidedhu,itsreflectedinthefollowingaspects:,fastindustrializationhassuccessfullyboostedChinasrapideconomicgrowth,,thedemandsforenergy,rawmaterialsandelectromechanicalequipmentgrowrapidly,greatlystimulatingtheexportgrowthofenergy,rawmaterialsandmachineryequipment,,China,andtheimportdemandsforhigh-techproduct,withChinaseconomicgrowth,themiddle-levelincomepopulationhasbeearketofiPhoneintheworld,with38%,sdevelopmenthaspromosopeningtotheoutsideworldhasnotonlyimproveditsownspecializationlevel,butalsopromotedtheimprovementofitstradepartnersspecializationlevel,andpropelledthedeepeningofthegloballabordivisionsyst,overthepast20yearsandmore,theverticalspecializationindexesofmajorAsianeconomieshaveallgoneup,indicatingthattheirspecializationlevelisimprovingandtheirlabordivisionsbeingdeepened(WTO,2011).Amongthem,Chinawitnessedthebiggestincrease,withitsverticalspecializationindexrisingfromabout8%in1985to37%in20081,,Chinasdevelopmenthasalsopro%,smore,,Chinahadbecomethefifthlargestbuyerofsstabledevelopmentisconduc,China,overthepast30yearsandmore,theannualaveragepricehikeofChina%%.Besides,overthepast30yearsandmore,Chinaseconomyhasmaintainedastableandrapidgrowth,playingtheroleof"stabilizer",toacertainextent,insuppressingthe,overthepast30yearsandmore,thefluctuationdegreeofChinaseconomyisgreatlylowerthanthatofmajordevelopedcountries,andisonlyhigherthanVietnaminallth,aftertheoutbreakofthefinancialcrisis,thecourseofrecoveryofglobaleconosEconomicGrowthtoGlobalEconomicGrowthInordertoworkoutthecontributionofChinaseconomicgrowthtoglobaleconomicgrowthinanall-roundway,,fromthehistoricalandglobalperspective,historicaldataisusedtoestimatethehistoricalcontributionofChinaseconomicgrowthtoglobalGDPincrement;ontheotherhand,basedonthecurrentfacts,transnationaldataandtheinternationalinput-outputmodelareusedtoanalyzetheboostingeffectofChineseeconomyontheeconomyofdifferentcountries.、贝宝新注册送38元体验金用户至上菲彩在线网投ByWuPingGuShuzhong,ResearchTeamon"PoliciesofComprehensivePreventionandTreatmentforSoilPollution",ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReport,,2013(Total4483)hernregionofChinaisexpo,suchasInnerMongoliaandareasalongtheGreatWall,LoessPlateau,GansuandXinjiangareaandnortheastregion,theagriculturalsdheavymetalinsoil,thesoilinsouthwesterncarbonaterockaollution,contaminatedareasabandonedbyindustrialcompanies,wasteyardsofdifferentkinds,,largeareasofarablelandsufferfromcombinationoforganicandinorganicpollutionsandtheiracceptabl,a,cadmiumisamajorone;andamongorganicpollutants,DDTconstitutesthelion,cadmium,selenium,lead,chrome,arsenic,nickel,antimonyandzincsoilpollutionaswellasseverecombinedpollution,,irrationalpilingofresissoilpollutionbeginstospreadfromindustrytoagriculture,fromurbantoruralareas,fromthesurfacetotheunderground,fromtheupstreamtothedownstream,relatedwithmanyfactorssuchasthechemicalcompositionofthesoilparentmaterial,soilqualityandconstitutesamajorreasonfortheover-standardcontentofheavymetalinsouthwestern,velopedindustryandminingindustryattributabletoemissionsofwastegas,wastewaterandwasteresidualsfromoresmelting,coalcombustionandotheractivitiesOutdoorpilingandderatmosphericfalloutandrainfallandcausepollutionafteryears,/hectareofcadmiumtothesoileachyearinChangzhutanareainHunanprovince,%ndnon-pointagriculturalpollutioncausedbyfoulwaterirrigationPesticidesarethemajororganicpollutan,DDTandotherpesticidesremaininginthesoilforalongtimecanconcent,ehavebeenusedeachyearinChina,damagingthesoilstructure,hardeningthesoil,leadingtofarmlands,,includingdomesticandindustrialsewagewhichisnottreatedorbelowthestandardfordischargeandcontainspoisonousandharmfulsubstanceslikeheavymetal,ectlydisposedtosoilcanradiateandfunneltosurroundingsoilundertheeffectsofsunbaking,soharmthesoilsdecaycapacity,changeitspropertya,radioactivesubstancesgeneratedfromuraniumandthoriummining,uraniumenrichment,disposalofnuclearwaste,nuclearexplosion,nuclearexperiment,thermanvironmentalproblemoftheglobalconcern,asitnotonlyaffectsthesoilqualityandproductivity,butalsoharmsfoodsafety,peopledsafetyTheuseofalargeamountofchemicalfertilizersandpesticidescandecreasethecontentoforganicsubstancesinthesoil,har,especiallyheavymetalpollutionandlastingorganicpollution,cancausefoodsafetyissuesthroughabsorptionbyagriculturalcrops,,shealthPollutantsinsoilcanaccumulateinplantsandconcentrate,heavymetalcanaccumulateinsomehumanorgansandcausecancer,deformityandmutation,,theheavymetalwasresponsibleformanyshockingenvironmentincidents,suchasthe"itai-itai"diseaseinToyama,Japancausedby"cadmiumrice"and"Minamatadisease",manypollutionincidentsbrokeoutsuchascadmiumrice,bloodlead,chromicslagandarsenicpoisoning,incidencerateofmalignanttumorsincreasedyearbyyear,and"weirddiseases"qualityandproductivity,butalsocausesthepollutionofsurfaceandundergroundwater,degradationoftheatmosphericenvironmentanddeteriorationoftheeco-systemaswellasmanyotherseconda,withouttakindindustrialconstructionprojectsnorbenchmarksforevaluatingrisksoflandforresidence,tsandstaffaredeficientinsomeplaces,andmonitoringstationsareinsufficientinm,sluggishcirculationofmonitoringdata,,thesamplingdensityofsoilinvestigationconductedbytheMinistryofLandandResourcesis1point/km2,samplesfromeach4km2arecombinedandanalyzed,’ssoilpollution,butcanhardlyspecifythedistributionofheavymetalpollutionandthuscannotclarifytheaccurateintensityofsoilpollutionineacharea.,2016Duringthe13thFive-YearPlanperiod,theworldeconomyisundergoinggreatadjustment,theglobaleconomicgovernancereformisunderway,,howshouldChinaopenwidertotheoutsideworldHowshouldChinaformanewpatternofall-roundopening-upHowshouldChinareformfurtherHowshouldChinapromoteinnovation,eco-friendlydevelopment,andindustrialupgradingHowshouldChinaformnewadvantagesininternationalcompetitionHowshouldChinaplayabetterroleinglobalgovernanceAnelaborationwillbegivenbyLongGuoqiang,’sEconomicReformandOpening-UpintheNewNormalOpendevelopmentisamajorpartofthephilosophyofinnovative,coordinated,green,open,andshareddevelopment,proposedattheFifthPl,asChina’seconomyentersthenewnormal,d,thenewdevelopmentstrategiesguidedbyt,underthenewnormal,opening-upstrategiesshouldmakefulluseofexternalresourcesandmarkets,andintegratethosewiththeirdomesticcounterparts,soastoboostinnovation,’seconomyentersthenewnormal,itisnecessarytoimproveChina’spositionintheglobaldivisionoflabor,whic,throughfurtheropening-up,advancedindustrialactivities,factorsofproductionandmoreadvancedtechnologyinfieldslikemanufacturingandservices,andpromoteChina’,itisnothardtofindthatmanyfieldswerenotfullyopeneduptotheoutsideworld,,intheearlyindustrialdevelopment,protectedandnurturedtheirinfantindustriesbyrestrictingimportsoflikeproducts,,industrieswiththepolicyareoverlyprotectedfortoolong,justlikeflowersinthegreenhouse,,thisproblemstandsinthewayofmanycapitalortechnology-intensiveindustries,,Chinastarteditsautoindustryinthe1950swhilethetimeforSouthKoreawas1970s,,China’sautoindustryisyet,China’,China’smanufacturingindustryhasbeenseverelychallenged,,,itismajortochangetheadvantagefromlowcosttoquality,technology,brand,andservice;foranother,importanceshouldbeattachedtopreparingChinesecapitalandt,reformisthekey,namely,deepe’smore,itisnecessarytopropelreformbyfurtheropening-up,whichistochangewhatguidedthedevelopmentofcapitalandtechnologyindustries,andreplacetheconceptof“importinsteadofdevelopment”withthatof“opendevelopment”.rySessionofthe18thCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChina,itiscrucialtoformanewpatternofall-roundopening-upbetweenlandandsea,homeandabroad,,strategiesandmechanismsareintegrated,,workshouldbedoneintwoways,thefirstofwhichistobuildanewopeneconomicsystemandfurtherimprovemanagementandservice,andthesecondistoformnewpatternofopening-up,,hePeople’sRepublicofChinaissuedOpinionsonBuildingaNewOpenEconomicSystemin2015,withanoverallgoalofacceleratingthefosteringofnewadvantagesininternationalcooperationandcompetition,moreproactivelypromotingthebalancebetweendomesticdemandandoverseasmarketdemand,betweenimportsandexports,andbetweenintroducingforeigncapitalandinvestingoverseas,graduallyrealizingtheinternationalbalanceofpayment,soastoformanewpatternofall-roundopening-stage,onthebasisofitscurrentstageofdevelopment,Chinashoulddesignthesystemaccordingt’ssocialistmarketeconomy,formulatedattheThirdPlenarySessionofthe18thCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChina,requi,intermsofspace,,,covering65countries,givesm,coastal,,leadtheupgradingofChina’sindustrialstructure,andcontinueinnovating,namely,,duetotheirspecialgeographicallocations,areofimportanceforChinatoimplementitsdiplomaticstrategiestowardsneighbors,tobuildChina’spathwaysconnectingothercountries,andtoconstituteasignificantstrategicframeworkensuringresourcesecurity,energysecurity,,manyplaceshavesuccessive,Xi’ancitywillbuilditselftobethenewstartofSilkRoadEconomicBelt(SREB);GansuProvinceplanstobeahighlightofSREB;andNingxiaHuiA,feasiblemeasuresshouldbeimplementedtoopenupcentralre,Chinashouldgiveplaytoitsstrengthsinglobaldivisionoflaborandcompetition,,especiallylabor-intensiveonesoverthepastthreedecades,greatachievementshavebeenaccomplished,,theexportedgoodsmost,opencompetitionmeansmore,,Chinashouldgraduallyreducetradeprotection,introducecompetition,promoteinnovationintechnology,brandandbusinessmodel,andenhanceinternationalcompetitiveness....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.,2,PresidentXiJinping’sscientificexpositionthatChina’seconomyisenteringthenewnormalwillbeadoptedasthegeneralideawhenweformulatedevelopmentstrategies,,2015isnotonlythelastyearofthe12thFive-YearPlan(2011-2015),butalsotheyearinwhichthenewFive-YearPlan(2016-2020),theyearof2015isalsoessentialinwhichasolidfoundationshouldb,averyimportantprerequisiteistocomprehendandfollowthegeneralideaof“understandingthenewnormal,adaptingtothenewnormal,andleadingthenewnormal”forChina’ndingoftheNewNormalAttheCentralEconomicWorkConferenceheldlastmonth,PresidentXiJinpinggaveasystematicexpositionoftheeconomicnewno’sdevelopmentinthefuture,itiscrucialtohaveasoberunderstandingofthechangesi,,majoreco,,,,developedeconomieshavealsocarriedouta“reindustrialization”strategy,resultinginane,oughprogressbeingmade,variouskindsofregionalcoope,andinthemeanwhileitmakesworldeconomicgovernancemorecomplicated,changeableanduncertain,whichtosomeextent,ewdDrivingForcesforEconomicGrowthFacingnewenvironments,opportunities,challengesandrequirementsintheeconomy’snewnormal,itisessentialtofullyunderstandthatdevelopmentisofle-incometrapandtomaintainChina’’swellknownthatdevelopmentisessential,,,ofcourse,isdifferentfromthetraditionalgrowthpattern,butitmuststillbeachievedataratewithquality,,,especiallyafterthereformandopening-upinthepastthreedecades,,China’spercapitaGDPwasabout$7,000,accountingforonlyone-eighthoftheUSandrepresentingalargegapbetweenthatofChile,ernandstrongcountrywithwealthypeople,Chinahastomaintainsustainable,,heindustrialrevolution,itisfoundthatthekeyfactordeterminingacountry’sdevelopmentiswhetherornotthecountry’,China’’,alleffortsforthecountry’,’slivelihood,,tomaintainastablesociety,,withregardtothetotalsupplyofanddemandforlaborforce,,asthestructureoflaborsupplyanddemandchangesinthefuture,,Chinawillhavemorethansevenmillionundergraduates,loyment,onlywhenmoderategrowthconnectedwiththepreviousgrowthmomentumismaintained,,financialsystemandbusinessoperationarelikelytobecoveredupduringhigh-speedgrowthduetotheriseofprices,,China’sfinancialriskshavealreadyaccumulatedtoacertainlevelthatcan’governmentdebtatalllevelshadamountedto30trillionyuan($)bytheendofJune2013,,assetpriceswouldshrinksubstantially,resultinginasha、DVORByLaiYouwei,,2015Inrecentyears,Chidustryasaresultofthemeasurestakentoprotectintellectualpropertyright,developintegratedindustries,givesupporttocreativetalent,makefiscal,’sculturalindustryhasembarkedonthetrackoffastdevelopment,withsteadyincreaseofcus,thefollowingfeaturescanbeseeninthedevelopmentofChina’’sculturalindustryhasembarkedonthetrackoffastdevelopment,withcontinuousoptimizationofindustrialstructureChina’scultbytheNationalBureauofStatisticsinDec2014,thevalue-addedgeneratedbyChina’,%ofGDP,%,%,thevalue-addedgeneratedbyChina’,%ofthetotalculturalindustry;the,%ofthetotal;,%ofthetotal,,thevalue-addedof“culturalcreationanddesignservice”,%’,China’sculturalindusdindustries,,withthestate-ownedorstate-controlledculturalbusinesseshavingmoredevelopmentvigorandmarketcompetitivenessIn2008,theGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncilissuedNoticeofTwoRegulationsonTransformingFor-ProfitCulturalInstitutionsintoBusinessEnterprisesandSupportingtheDevelopmentofCulturalEnterprisesinReformationofCulturalMechanism,whichimprovedthesupportivepoliciesfortransformingpro-profitculturalinsti,China’sfor-profitculturalinstitutions,includingpublishing,distribution,film-making,TVseries-making,broadcastingandTVtransmissionaswellasordinarystate-ownedperformingartstroupes,newspapersandmagazine,auccessfullytransformedfromrelyingongovernmentfundingtoself-reliance,helevelof10billionyuan,,otherprovinces,,activelyexploreandalsopracticethewaystoacceleratetransformation,produceartisticworks,,withtheirowndevelopmentfea,,includingXinFengxia,TrilogyofOresteia,,theyhavedoneextensivere-creationoftraditionalplays,,theyre-playsometraditionalplays,suchasExchangingaLeopardCatforaPrince,RememberBacktotheCup,,,theTheaterkeepsitsannualsalesrevenueatabout12millionyuan,halfofwhic,’snon-governmentculturalmarketplayer,over700thousandculturalmarketplayerswereregisteredinindustryandcommerceadministrationofficesalloverthecountry,,,sidents’consumptionofculturalgoodsandservicesaswellaseducationandentertainment,withawideneddivideofexpenditurebetweenurbanandruralresidentsAlongwithChina’seconomicandsocialdevelopmentandtheriseofpeople’sincome,culturalconsump2013,increasingby64%,asculturalconsumptionincreasesfast,,theexpenditure,,(Inthesameperiod,thedivideofurbanandruralconsumptionpercapitabecameevenlarger,)Second,thepercentageofChina’surbanandruralresidents’expendi’percapitaexpenditureonculturalgoodsandservicesaswellase%%%%%-13%inrecentyears,whilethatofruralresidentsfellallthewaytoabout8%.Thefallofurbanspendingonculturalconsumptionismain’poorconsumptionpowerandinconvenienceinculturalconsumption.Note::Authorssion,,housingconditionsforurbanresidentswillbeconsiderablyimproved,,andpercapitahousingflooragewillexceed34squaremeters(%andaresidenturbanpopulationof920million).Meanwhile,therewillbeabout340millionhousingunits,,,rofworking-agepopulationinChina,itspossibletocalculatethedistributionofhousingdemandalongthetimelineinthenextdecade,,,,easunderconstructioninthepastyears,,thepeakofnewhousingstartsisexpectedtoarrivebefore2015,whereastha,overallgrowthrateofhousinginvestmentwillbenotablyslowerthanbefore(Table1).Inthelasttwoyearsofthe12thFive-YearPlanperiod,theactualgrowthrateofurbanhousinginvestmentcalculatedbasedonconstructionareawilllikelyfallbelow10%,whileduringthe13thFive-YearPlanperiodandafter2020,theactualgrowthrateisverylikelytobelowerthan5%.,thenationalsupplyofurbanhousinghasmaintainedarapidgrowthrateingeneral,andthefloorspaceofcommercialhousingforsalehasrisensignificantly,butthereisstillanobvioussupply-,%,forinstance,afterthesharpreboundofhousingsalesin2012,thefloorspaceofsoldcommercialhousinggrewatarelativelysteadypacein2013,whilethefloorspaceofcommercialhousingfo,thehousingpricecurveinfirst-tiercitiesand,housingpriceinlargefirst-tiercitieshasmaintai,Shanghai,GuangzhouandShenzhen,forexample,%,%,%%respectively(basedon100-citypriceindex).Ontheotherhand,month-on-monthgrowthrateofhousingpriceinsecond-tiercitieshasremainedrelativelystable,,themonth-on-monthcurveofhousingpriceindiffer:(1)percapitahousingfloorageinthispaperissmallerthanthenumberpublishedbytheNationalBureauofStatistics(NBS)(forspecificreason,pleaserefertothe"MediumandLong-termGrowth"researchgroupoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,2013);(2)eaofhouseswithlimitedpropertyrightsisincorporated,thecurrent%NationalPopulationSampleSurvey2005,throughannualdepreciation....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByWuPingGuShuzhong,ResearchTeamon"PoliciesofComprehensivePreventionandTreatmentforSoilPollution",ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReport,,2013(Total4483)hernregionofChinaisexpo,suchasInnerMongoliaandareasalongtheGreatWall,LoessPlateau,GansuandXinjiangareaandnortheastregion,theagriculturalsdheavymetalinsoil,thesoilinsouthwesterncarbonaterockaollution,contaminatedareasabandonedbyindustrialcompanies,wasteyardsofdifferentkinds,,largeareasofarablelandsufferfromcombinationoforganicandinorganicpollutionsandtheiracceptabl,a,cadmiumisamajorone;andamongorganicpollutants,DDTconstitutesthelion,cadmium,selenium,lead,chrome,arsenic,nickel,antimonyandzincsoilpollutionaswellasseverecombinedpollution,,irrationalpilingofresissoilpollutionbeginstospreadfromindustrytoagriculture,fromurbantoruralareas,fromthesurfacetotheunderground,fromtheupstreamtothedownstream,relatedwithmanyfactorssuchasthechemicalcompositionofthesoilparentmaterial,soilqualityandconstitutesamajorreasonfortheover-standardcontentofheavymetalinsouthwestern,velopedindustryandminingindustryattributabletoemissionsofwastegas,wastewaterandwasteresidualsfromoresmelting,coalcombustionandotheractivitiesOutdoorpilingandderatmosphericfalloutandrainfallandcausepollutionafteryears,/hectareofcadmiumtothesoileachyearinChangzhutanareainHunanprovince,%ndnon-pointagriculturalpollutioncausedbyfoulwaterirrigationPesticidesarethemajororganicpollutan,DDTandotherpesticidesremaininginthesoilforalongtimecanconcent,ehavebeenusedeachyearinChina,damagingthesoilstructure,hardeningthesoil,leadingtofarmlands,,includingdomesticandindustrialsewagewhichisnottreatedorbelowthestandardfordischargeandcontainspoisonousandharmfulsubstanceslikeheavymetal,ectlydisposedtosoilcanradiateandfunneltosurroundingsoilundertheeffectsofsunbaking,soharmthesoilsdecaycapacity,changeitspropertya,radioactivesubstancesgeneratedfromuraniumandthoriummining,uraniumenrichment,disposalofnuclearwaste,nuclearexplosion,nuclearexperiment,thermanvironmentalproblemoftheglobalconcern,asitnotonlyaffectsthesoilqualityandproductivity,butalsoharmsfoodsafety,peopledsafetyTheuseofalargeamountofchemicalfertilizersandpesticidescandecreasethecontentoforganicsubstancesinthesoil,har,especiallyheavymetalpollutionandlastingorganicpollution,cancausefoodsafetyissuesthroughabsorptionbyagriculturalcrops,,shealthPollutantsinsoilcanaccumulateinplantsandconcentrate,heavymetalcanaccumulateinsomehumanorgansandcausecancer,deformityandmutation,,theheavymetalwasresponsibleformanyshockingenvironmentincidents,suchasthe"itai-itai"diseaseinToyama,Japancausedby"cadmiumrice"and"Minamatadisease",manypollutionincidentsbrokeoutsuchascadmiumrice,bloodlead,chromicslagandarsenicpoisoning,incidencerateofmalignanttumorsincreasedyearbyyear,and"weirddiseases"qualityandproductivity,butalsocausesthepollutionofsurfaceandundergroundwater,degradationoftheatmosphericenvironmentanddeteriorationoftheeco-systemaswellasmanyotherseconda,withouttakindindustrialconstructionprojectsnorbenchmarksforevaluatingrisksoflandforresidence,tsandstaffaredeficientinsomeplaces,andmonitoringstationsareinsufficientinm,sluggishcirculationofmonitoringdata,,thesamplingdensityofsoilinvestigationconductedbytheMinistryofLandandResourcesis1point/km2,samplesfromeach4km2arecombinedandanalyzed,’ssoilpollution,butcanhardlyspecifythedistributionofheavymetalpollutionandthuscannotclarifytheaccurateintensityofsoilpollutionineacharea.。

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